Tag Archives: prostitution

Avoiding the White Savior Industrial Complex

26 Feb

The premise of the “White Savior Complex” is derived from the scenario in which individuals who exercise certain privileges–race, class, education, etc.–invade the spaces of certain groups or communities that are culturally different from their own with the intention of uplifting or “saving” members belonging to the groups they are invading. (“White” is really semantics to describe “saviors” from high-income/developed communities).

Those with privilege often wrongly deem the communities they approach as “oppressed”, or otherwise lacking access to certain rights or liberties , and in desperate “need” of help. From desiring to “rescue” sex workers to wanting to “liberate” oppressed women in the Middle-East, the White Savior Complex is a flawed mentality, and the intrusion of those with privilege into perceived “oppressed” or “disempowered” communities is often coupled with a desire for self-promotion that is justified with misguided altruism and harmful ally-ship.

Savior complexes, while perhaps partially fueled by a desire to do good in society, are callous displays of privilege that reinforce social hierarchies. “Saving” implies that certain communities are above others, and only groups with access to certain privileges embody the efficacy to empower those who are labeled disadvantaged or in “need” of help. Broadcasting the perceived struggles of another group in a showcase of pictures from mission trips and research projects can be both insensitive and exploitive to many communities.  “Look at these oppressed and impoverished brown/black women and children from the global south that I helped save”.

Saviorship of those who voluntarily enter the sex industry is a current topic of public spectacle that has generated a community-wide response. The hashtag #NotYourRescueProject was started by twitter activists to express discontent over sex work-related savior mentalities and reject the jarring notion that all sex workers are unhappy in their profession and do not wish to participate.

In 2012, Teju Cole,  a writer for the Atlantic, published a series of tweets on the White Savior Industrial Complex 

Yesterday, I published a series of my own tweets on “Being a Good Ally & Avoiding the White Savior Complex” . I’ve embedded the full composition of tweets into my post below:

You can absolutely have the best intentions and still hurt groups that you wish to advocate on behalf of. How CAN you be a good ally to the groups you are advocating on behalf of?

Your mentality matters. The premise of all savior complexes lie in self-promotion or seeking public approval and praise rather than true social justice advocacy.

Be mindful of the fact that if you are in a position where you feel like you have the ability to “save” or “empower” oppressed/minority/disempowered groups, you are demonstrating your position of privilege and, in fact, reinforcing social hierarchies.

One great way to know how you can help is by listening and asking groups you are allied with how they would like for you to become involved. By listening and taking into account the words of others, you demonstrate a genuine interest, and you will likely be called upon when your support is needed.

Email me: rachel.safeek@duke.edu

Twitter: @RachSafeek

 

HIV Prevention Among Female Sex Workers (Honors Thesis in Brasil)

15 Sep


In response to the number of requests I’ve gotten from current Duke students/study abroad students who are interested in reading about my work in Brazil with female sex workers, I’ve dedicated this post to focusing on the details of my research project.  If you are interested in my motivations for working with HIV prevention and sex workers, you can read more about my experiences in the field in one of my previous postings. And for those who are interested in the socio-cultural backdrop of the project, you can read here about why I selected Salvador (Bahia), Brazil as my site for undergraduate research and why the HIV/AIDS prevention model is so unique in Brazil.

Talking to one of the coordinators about disease prevention among Female Sex Workers

Talking to one of the coordinators about disease prevention among Female Sex Workers

I want to address the issue of culturally-competent community engagement briefly. For anyone who is working with marginalized groups, it is ALWAYS important to bear in mind that you should approach your research in the most non-intrusive way possible. You never want to come off as exploiting the persons with whom you are working for the benefit of your research and publications. Because Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are a marginalized and stigmatized group, many of the women with whom I worked were initially unwilling to participate in my project.  I was American, “over-privileged”, and it didn’t help that I had a rudimentary and “textbook” knowledge of Portuguese at the time of my first visit to the organization where I worked, O Projeto Força Feminina–The Female Force (Empowerment) Project (September 2011).

To overcome any cultural/linguistic barriers and earn the trust of the women at O Projeto Força Feminina, I dedicated the first few weeks of my project to establishing a relationship with the women. I taught basic English classes and engaged the women in belly dance and makeup classes (eyebrow threading), which they loved! It was truly a beautiful exchange of cross-cultural interests: I shared aspects of my Middle-Eastern culture. In exchange, the FSWs taught me some forms of Brazilian dance and helped me with my Portuguese. Ultimately, we established a firm sense of camaraderie that allowed them to trust me and have me interview them about their work and sexual behaviors. I also demonstrated my commitment to working with the group by returning to my project site again last summer (May-August 2012). While I will not be able to return to Salvador until next summer, I still maintain contact with many of the women at the organization.

Below is my finalized research abstract with some pictures from my time at O Projeto Força Feminina. Please email me at rachel.safeek@gmail.com with any questions.

“Who Cares about Us–We are Just Women of the Street”–Combating HIV Transmission and Gender Disempowerment among Female Sex Workers in Salvador, Brazil 
Authors: Rachel Safeek, Sherman James, Ph.D
Duke University 
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: While Brazil is lauded for its exemplary HIV prevention model, the majority of HIV prevention programs promote safe sex through education, ignoring the realities of gender disempowerement and inequality, which increase the susceptibility of female sex workers (FSWs) to instances of violence and disease. This paper analyzes factors associated with gender disempowerment and lack of condom use among FSWs in Salvador (Bahia), Brazil who engage in heterosexual interactions with male clients. An understanding of the sources of gender disempowerment is key to developing culturally-appropriate and effective policy interventions.

METHODS: Over a seven-month period, formal interviews were conducted with sixteen female sex workers and focus group discussions were conducted with 35 female sex workers at Projeto Força Feminina. The latter is an organization located in Pelourinho, the Historic District of Salvador, that works with FSWs to promote safe sexual practices and combat gender-based violence. Three life histories were also conducted with three of the sex workers. Additionally, Dr. Edivania Landim, the former head of the HIV/AIDS program of Bahia, was also interviewed.

RESULTS: Interviews and focus groups revealed that economic vulnerability (financial instability), drug use, and instances of gender-based violence (structural violence) and rape/sexual assault from police and clients disempower FSWs, increasing their susceptibility to the transmission of disease. In each case of disempowerment, the factors contributing to women’s decision to engage in intercourse without condoms or other types of risky or unsafe sex were influenced by their inability to defend themselves as women and as FSWs, a social group of women isolated on the bottom rung of Brazil’s social and economic ladder. The respondents were clear that their gender was a definite factor in the many difficulties they faced.

DISCUSSION: Increased emphasis should be placed upon female-specific forms of protection, e.g. female condoms, microbicides. Unionization among sex workers is necessary to gain political acknowledgement of sex worker rights through legalization of the profession.

KEY TERMS: HIV/AIDS, Female Sex Workers (Profissionais Do Sexo), Race, Economic Vulnerability, Disempowerment, Gender-Based Violence, Structural Violence, Health Disparities, Human Rights, Salvador, Brazil

–Rachel Safeek

"Empower women in the situation of prostition"

“Work in solidarity with women in the situation of prostition”

Colorful sitting room

Working on art projects

Working on art projects

Mission Statment

Mission Statment

In focus group discussion

In focus group discussion